The most common symptom of glue ear is temporary hearing loss. It can affect both ears at the same time.

Other symptoms may include:

Glue ear is much more common in children, but adults with glue ear have the same symptoms.

See a GP if your child has hearing problems

Your child may be struggling to hear if they often:

  • speak loudly
  • are difficult to understand
  • ask people to repeat what they say
  • ask for the TV or music to be turned up loud
  • struggle to hear people far away
  • become easily distracted when people are talking
  • seem tired and irritable because it's harder to listen

Glue ear is not always treated. The GP will usually wait to see if the symptoms get better on their own.

This is because there's no effective medicine for glue ear, and it often clears up on its own within 3 months.

Your child may be monitored for up to a year in case their symptoms change or get worse.

The GP may suggest trying a treatment called autoinflation while waiting for symptoms to improve. Autoinflation can help fluid in the ear to drain.

It's done by either:

  • blowing up a special balloon using 1 nostril at a time
  • swallowing while holding the nostrils closed

As autoinflation has to be done several times a day, it's not usually recommended for children under 3 years old.

Antibiotics may be prescribed if glue ear causes an ear infection.

Hospital treatment for glue ear

Your child may be referred to a specialist in hospital if:

The 2 main treatments are temporary hearing aids or grommets (small tubes implanted in the ear).

Occasionally, surgery may be recommended to remove some glands at the back of the nose (adenoids). This is known as an adenoidectomy.

The specialist in hospital will help you decide on the best treatment option.

Grommets for treating glue ear

A grommet is a small tube that's placed in your child's ear during surgery. It drains fluid away and keeps the eardrum open.

The grommet should fall out naturally within 6 to 12 months as your child's ear gets better.

If your child needs grommets, you might find these links useful: